Major side effects of lisinopril

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If you are taking lisinopril to treat your high blood pressure, it is important to be aware of the major side effects that can occur. While lisinopril is generally well tolerated, some individuals may experience adverse reactions that need medical attention.

Cough: One of the most common side effects of lisinopril is a persistent cough. This can be dry or accompanied by phlegm. If you experience a persistent and bothersome cough while taking lisinopril, it is recommended to consult your healthcare provider.

Dizziness: Dizziness is another side effect that can occur while taking lisinopril. You may feel lightheaded or unsteady, especially when standing up or moving quickly. It is important to be cautious if you experience dizziness and avoid activities that require mental alertness or physical coordination.

Rapid or irregular heartbeat: Lisinopril may cause changes in heart rhythm, leading to a rapid or irregular heartbeat. If you notice any unusual heart rhythms, chest pain, or shortness of breath, seek medical attention immediately.

Swelling: Some individuals may experience swelling in their face, throat, tongue, or extremities while taking lisinopril. This can be a sign of a serious allergic reaction and requires immediate medical attention.

Low blood pressure: Lisinopril can sometimes cause a drop in blood pressure, leading to symptoms such as dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting. It is important to monitor your blood pressure regularly and report any significant changes to your healthcare provider.

If you are experiencing any of these major side effects while taking lisinopril, it is important to seek medical attention promptly. Your healthcare provider can help determine the best course of action and may adjust your dosage or switch you to a different medication if necessary.

Note: This information is not intended to replace medical advice. Always consult your healthcare provider for personalized guidance.

What is lisinopril?

Lisinopril is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs called ACE inhibitors. It is prescribed to treat high blood pressure (hypertension), heart failure, and to improve survival after a heart attack.

Lisinopril works by relaxing blood vessels, which helps to lower blood pressure and makes it easier for the heart to pump blood to the body’s organs and tissues. By reducing blood pressure and improving blood flow, lisinopril can decrease the risk of heart-related complications and improve overall cardiovascular health.

How does lisinopril work?

Lisinopril inhibits the action of an enzyme called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). By blocking this enzyme, lisinopril prevents the production of a hormone called angiotensin II. Angiotensin II is a powerful vasoconstrictor, meaning it narrows blood vessels and increases blood pressure. By blocking the production of angiotensin II, lisinopril helps to relax and widen blood vessels, reducing blood pressure and improving blood flow.

Who should take lisinopril?

Lisinopril is typically prescribed to individuals who have high blood pressure, heart failure, or have recently had a heart attack. It may also be prescribed to individuals with certain kidney conditions.

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It is important to note that lisinopril should only be taken under the supervision of a healthcare professional, as they will determine the appropriate dosage and monitor the individual’s response to the medication. Lisinopril is not suitable for everyone, and individuals with certain medical conditions or taking certain medications may need an alternative treatment.

If you believe that lisinopril may be a suitable medication for you, speak to your healthcare provider for a thorough evaluation and personalized treatment plan.

Why is lisinopril prescribed?

Why is lisinopril prescribed?

Lisinopril is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs known as ACE inhibitors. It is primarily prescribed to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) and heart failure. Lisinopril helps to relax the blood vessels, allowing the heart to pump blood more efficiently and reducing the workload on the heart.

In addition to treating hypertension and heart failure, lisinopril may also be prescribed to prevent kidney problems in people with diabetes and to improve survival after a heart attack. It may also be used to treat certain kidney conditions, such as diabetic nephropathy, or to protect the kidneys in patients with high blood pressure and protein in the urine.

Lisinopril is typically taken once daily, with or without food, and the dosage depends on the individual’s condition and response to the medication. It is important to take lisinopril as directed by your healthcare provider and to report any side effects or concerns to them.

If you have been prescribed lisinopril, it is important to continue taking it even if you feel well, as high blood pressure and heart failure often have no symptoms. Regular blood pressure checks and follow-up appointments with your doctor are essential to monitor the effectiveness of the medication and make any necessary adjustments to your treatment plan.

Major Side Effects

One of the major side effects of taking lisinopril is the development of a persistent cough. This side effect occurs in about 2-7% of patients who take the medication. The cough is usually dry and irritating, and it may persist for several weeks or even months.

While the exact mechanism behind the cough is not fully understood, it is believed that lisinopril inhibits the breakdown of bradykinin, a substance in the body that can cause coughing. The buildup of bradykinin leads to irritation of the cough receptors in the throat, resulting in a persistent cough.

If you experience a persistent cough while taking lisinopril, it is important to inform your healthcare provider. They may recommend a different medication or adjust your dosage to alleviate the cough.

Symptoms of Lisinopril-Induced Cough:

Some common symptoms of a lisinopril-induced cough include:

  • Dry and persistent cough
  • Irritation in the throat
  • Coughing fits that worsen at night
  • Coughing that is not accompanied by a cold or allergies
  • Coughing that does not improve with cough suppressants
  • Sore throat
  • Fatigue

Treatment Options:

If you develop a cough while taking lisinopril, there are a few treatment options you can discuss with your healthcare provider:

  1. Switching to a different medication: Your healthcare provider may recommend trying a different type of medication to control your blood pressure.
  2. Reducing the dosage: Your healthcare provider may adjust your dosage of lisinopril to see if a lower dose reduces the coughing.
  3. Adding a cough suppressant: In some cases, your healthcare provider may prescribe a cough suppressant to help alleviate the cough.
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Remember to always consult with your healthcare provider if you experience any side effects while taking lisinopril. They will be able to provide further guidance and recommendations based on your specific situation.

Dizziness

Dizziness is a common side effect of lisinopril. It is characterized by a feeling of lightheadedness, unsteadiness, or a spinning sensation. While dizziness can occur for various reasons, lisinopril can contribute to its occurrence.

The exact mechanism through which lisinopril causes dizziness is not fully understood. However, it is believed that the medication’s ability to lower blood pressure plays a role. Lisinopril works by relaxing blood vessels, which helps to lower blood pressure. While this is beneficial for individuals with high blood pressure, it can potentially lead to a sudden drop in blood pressure, causing dizziness.

It is important to note that not everyone who takes lisinopril will experience dizziness. However, if you do experience this side effect, it is advisable to refrain from activities that require alertness, such as driving or operating machinery. Additionally, standing up slowly from a sitting or lying down position can help minimize dizziness.

If you experience severe or persistent dizziness while taking lisinopril, it is important to consult your healthcare provider. They may need to adjust your dosage or explore alternative treatment options to better manage your blood pressure while minimizing dizziness.

Dizziness

Dizziness is a potential side effect of taking lisinopril. It is characterized by a feeling of lightheadedness or unsteadiness, often accompanied by a spinning sensation. This side effect is more likely to occur in the initial stages of taking lisinopril or when the dosage is increased.

If you experience dizziness while taking lisinopril, it is important to inform your healthcare provider. They may recommend adjusting your dosage or suggest ways to manage the dizziness. It is advisable to avoid activities that require alertness, such as driving or operating heavy machinery, until you know how lisinopril affects you.

Dizziness can also be a symptom of low blood pressure, which is another possible side effect of lisinopril. When blood pressure drops too low, it can result in dizziness and fainting. If you experience dizziness along with other symptoms such as weakness or blurred vision, seek immediate medical attention.

It is essential to follow your healthcare provider’s advice and report any side effects promptly to ensure the safe and effective use of lisinopril. They can offer guidance on managing dizziness or explore alternative treatment options if necessary.

Low Blood Pressure

Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, is a potential side effect of lisinopril. It can occur when the medication causes the blood vessels to dilate, resulting in a decrease in blood pressure.

Common symptoms of low blood pressure include:

  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Feeling faint or weak
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention. Your healthcare provider may need to adjust your dosage or switch you to a different medication to manage your blood pressure effectively.

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It is also essential to take precautions to prevent low blood pressure while taking lisinopril. These precautions include:

  1. Getting up slowly from a sitting or lying position to avoid dizziness
  2. Drinking plenty of fluids to maintain hydration levels
  3. Avoiding prolonged exposure to hot environments or excessive physical exertion
  4. Wearing compression stockings to promote blood flow

Remember to always consult with your healthcare professional before starting or stopping any medication and to report any side effects promptly.

Allergic Reactions

One of the major side effects of lisinopril is the possibility of experiencing allergic reactions. Allergic reactions occur when the immune system mistakenly identifies the medication as a threat to the body and initiates an immune response to fight against it. These reactions can range from mild to severe and can occur shortly after taking the medication or even days after starting the treatment.

Common symptoms of allergic reactions to lisinopril include:

  • Rash or hives on the skin
  • Itching or swelling, especially of the face, tongue, or throat
  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Tightness or pain in the chest
  • Wheezing or coughing
  • Fever or chills

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention immediately, as allergic reactions can be life-threatening. Your healthcare provider can determine if the symptoms are related to lisinopril and provide appropriate treatment.

It is also important to inform your doctor about any known allergies you have before starting lisinopril treatment. This includes allergies to other medications, foods, or substances. A thorough understanding of your medical history and allergies can help your healthcare provider make an informed decision about your treatment and help prevent any potential allergic reactions from occurring.

Remember, lisinopril is a medication that should always be taken under the supervision of a healthcare professional. If you have any concerns or questions about lisinopril or its potential side effects, don’t hesitate to discuss them with your doctor.

Kidney Problems

Kidney Problems

Lisinopril may cause kidney problems, especially for individuals with pre-existing kidney disease or those taking other medications that can affect the kidneys. It is important to monitor kidney function regularly while taking lisinopril to ensure that any potential issues are detected early.

Common signs of kidney problems include decreased urination, swelling in the ankles or feet, and changes in urine color or frequency. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to contact your healthcare professional immediately.

In rare cases, lisinopril can cause kidney failure, which is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition. Signs of kidney failure include extreme fatigue, confusion, swelling in the face or hands, and difficulty breathing.

If you have a history of kidney problems or are currently taking other medications that can affect kidney function, it is important to discuss this with your healthcare professional before starting lisinopril. They can help determine if lisinopril is the right medication for you or if an alternative treatment should be considered.

Remember, kidney problems are a potential side effect of lisinopril, but they may not occur in every individual. By monitoring kidney function and discussing any concerns with your healthcare professional, you can ensure that you are taking lisinopril safely and effectively.